The Third Session on Intellectual Property and Artificial Intelligence by WIPO.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the driving force of innovation and technology in today’s world. It is used in almost all industries from production and manufacturing to sport analytics. Intellectual Property (IP) also stimulates innovation and creativity in economic and cultural systems, by protecting these goods and services. Therefore, Intellectual Property and Artificial Intelligence overlap in many ways.
What is WIPO?
The World Intellectual Property Organisation is one of the 15 agencies that come under the United Nations. It aims to promote and protect Intellectual Property all over the world. Some of the responsibilities that come under WIPO are providing global services to register and protect IP in different countries, resolve IP disputes across boundaries, create a general reference database for IP related matters, etc. Its headquarters are in Switzerland, Geneva and it has various external offices scattered across the globe. The WIPO director currently is Mr. Daren Tang from Singapore.
What is Intellectual Property (IP)?
Intellectual property is the creations and inventions of the mind, which includes literary and artistic works, designs, symbols, names, and images used in commerce. Patents, copyright, and trademarks protect these inventions by law and prevent others from copying or stealing these unique creations. The inventors also earn recognition and monetary support/ financial benefit due to their invention. IP aims to create a system where creativity and innovation can flourish, to benefit the world.
The Previous Sessions of WIPO Conversation on Intellectual Property and Artificial Intelligence.
WIPO recently has been focusing on Intellectual Property and Artificial Intelligence from 2019 to 2020, conducting 3 sessions of conversation for the same.
The first session on Intellectual Property and Artificial Intelligence was conducted in September 2019, which was an open forum that discussed the impact of AI on the Intellectual Property policy. A report was created which contained the answers to any questions IP policymakers would have. This report was published in December 2019 and was open to public consultation. This report received 260 submissions regarding issues and comments globally.
The second session was conducted in July 2020 to go into a greater detail tackle on these issues, comments, and suggestions of other policymakers. It was a virtual meet that was broadcasted globally which led to the publication of a Revised Issue Paper.
The Third Session of WIPO conversation on Intellectual Property and Artificial Intelligence.
The third session on Intellectual Property and Artificial Intelligence was conducted recently on November 4th, which was once again a virtual conversation. It included 1573 registered participants from 133 odd countries. It was opened by the Director-General Mr. Daren Tang.
He began the session by addressing how the future of IP would not only include AI but also advanced robotics and quantum computing. He spoke about the various advancements and opportunities of AI in the years to come. Various statistics were also cited by him, and one which stood out was when he mentioned that AI would deliver an economic activity of around 13 trillion dollars by 2030. The study by McKinsey Global Institute also stated that AI would see a 25% raise every year in its use in standard business processes.
This rise in AI is accredited to an increase in the availability of data, rapid computing power, and the development of AI algorithms. According to a report by WIPO on Technology trends of AI, since the emergence of AI in the 1950s, there have been almost 1.6 million AI-related scientific publications and 340,000 AI-related inventions. Since 2012, there has been an AI-patent boom as more data, increased connectedness and greater computer powers bring new breakthroughs. AI-based patents grew by 28% and scientific publications grew by 5.6% annually from 2012-2017.
With the Coronavirus Pandemic, the trends in AI have accelerated. It’s now used not only in telecommunications and personal devices but also in life and medical sciences. AI has played a major role in this pandemic from diagnostics to prevention and cure.
With many of the business process now being utilized digitally, AI is used in video conferences, data analytics, and the creation of content. With a multidisciplinary and multi-lateral approach, AI creates better connectivity globally.
Mr. Daren Tang stressed the importance of having a ‘holistic approach’ of AI and to tackle issues and engage in discussions over a larger field of topics, even covering ethics in AI. He talks about building a Global IP Ecosystem where the various fields involved in AI can participate and strive in a global innovation company.
WIPO’s mission is simple, to promote creativity and innovation, and to create a forum that fosters the growth of economies and supports enterprises and creators in a healthy ecosystem.
The aim of this third meeting was to bring together a diverse audience with different viewpoints in a public meeting. By using an open and inclusive process they aspire to bridge any information gaps pertaining to AI and build awareness of issues in this fast-moving and complex field.
The third session covered issues regarding the following topics:
- Definitions- Narrowing down a large topic to define AI, defining the difference between AI-assisted and AI-generated and the use of human input.
- The use of AI in trademarks- the implications on concepts of human perception to determine registrability and infringement of human trademarks.
- The role of IP policy- bridging the capacity gap and making AI available for all countries.
- Policy Implications- specifically in IP administration. Intellectual Property and Artificial Intelligence Intellectual.
- Property and Artificial Intelligence Intellectual Property and Artificial Intelligence.
Summarizing the session on Intellectual Property and Artificial Intelligence.
We live in a world where almost every activity and sector can benefit from the use of AI. With innovation and creativity, IP can protect inventions and allow ethical utilization of these inventions to provide us with a better tomorrow. The future of AI is now.
Check out our recent blog on Artificial Intelligence – https://prometheusip.com/patents/intellectual-property-rights-ssr/